Recommended For Chin Reduction
Chin reduction surgery or reduction genioplasty is generally recommended for patients in good health and with an oversized or protruding chin or simply patients with inharmonious facial proportions due to their relatively large chins.
Not Recommended For Chin Reduction
Chin reduction surgery is not recommended for patients with normal size chin. In some cases, surgeons can also refer to other procedures, such as neck lift or rhinoplasty, taking into account the needs and facial proportions of patients.
Other contraindications for chin reduction surgery include:
Discharge From Hospital
Age under 20
Patient is required to stay 1 night in the hospital
Duration Of Operation
1 to 2 hours
Chin reduction surgery, also known as reduction genioplasty or reduction mentoplasty is a type of plastic surgeryprocedure usually performed to improve the aesthetic appearance of the chin area.
The purpose of chin reduction surgery is to improve the balance and facial harmony by changing the size or shape of the chin. This procedure is performed to remove some of the bone around the jaw to provide a sharper and more balanced appearance.
Most people have a prominent chin generally due to genetics. While a strong and prominent chin can be a good appearance for malepatients, females don't usually prefer a large chin as it is symbolized masculinity. As such, most patients requiring chin reduction surgery are females, but it's not a female-only procedure, some males may also feel that a smaller chin can be more balanced with their facial proportions.
Other procedures related to chin area include:
● Chin implant surgery
● Chin augmentation or enhancement surgery
● Sliding genioplasty surgery
Reduction genioplasty or chin reduction surgery can be performed by itself or in conjunction with rhinoplasty surgery or a neck lift procedure – the latter being recommended for patients with excess skin and fatty tissue around the chin (also known as a double chin).
Patients are required to avoid blood thinners, herbal teas, herbal supplements as well as anti-inflammatory medicines for at least 2 weeks before chin reduction surgery. Smoking is also prohibited for at least a month before and after the procedure.
How It Is Performed
Before the procedure, surgeons need x-rays of the chin area, so any anomalies can be checked. After anesthesia is applied, an incision is created in the mouth or under the chin. With the help of this incision, the bone at the end of the patient's chin is separated and then reshaped. The surgeon effectively removes excess bone until the desired result is achieved. The chin tip is repositioned with special plates and wires. Finally, the incision is closed with dissolving sutures and the chin reduction surgery is completed.
The patient is given a post-operative compression bandage, which must be worn for several days. Postoperatively, some swelling, numbness and pain may occur, but prescribed pain relievers can help relieve the patient's discomfort. The swelling will go down in around 2 weeks and most patients can return to work in around a week. Heavy physical activities need to be avoided for at least 4 weeks – the bone needs time to heal.
Chin reduction surgery risks and complications can include:
Scarring under the chin
Allergic reactions to general anesthesia
Nerve damage that causes mouth or lip numbness
Chin reduction surgery side effects can include:
Swelling or bruising around the chin
Chin reduction surgery reviews set the average success rate at around 90-95%.
Before And After
The results of chin reduction surgery can be seen immediately. The post-operative swelling will gradually decrease during the first 2 weeks of the recovery period. Patients will be able to enjoy a more harmonious balance of their facial proportions, especially if done in conjunction with a neck lift, facelift or rhinoplasty.
Are Reduction Genioplasty Results Permanent?
Yes, the results are permanent but, in some cases, patients will also have to deal with excess fatty tissue around the chin area – this problem can be solved through a neck lift procedure. Non-surgical techniques such as Botox or dermal filler will provide temporary results comparing with the chin reduction surgery.
How Long Before the Swelling Goes Down?
The swelling will disappear completely after approximately 4 months of genioplasty surgery. Approximately 2 weeks after the procedure, almost 80% of the swelling will decrease.
When Can I Engage in Contact Sports?
Back To Work
Patients can attend in heavy physical activities such as contact sports in around 4 weeks, but it's still a good idea to protect the chin as much as possible because the bones need a certain period of time to heal completely.
Back To Sports
This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in June, 2019.