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IVF stands for In Vitro Fertilization. In Vitro "in glass" in Latin, that is, fertilization of eggs and sperm occurs in a laboratory environment outside the body. IVF provides the ideal conditions for successful fertilization and growth of healthy embryos when natural pregnancy cannot be carried out for some reason. IVF is not a single procedure; it is a period with several different steps that take place over a cycle. IVF, which has become one of the greatest medical options of our age by mediating thousands of successful results for couples who want to have a baby, is a procedure that aims to manage one of the most personal and emotional processes in the world in a sensitive and professional way.

IVF with ICSI (Intracytoplasmic sperm injection) is a specialized form of IVF treatment that is used in cases of severe male infertility or after repeated failed fertilization attempts with conventional IVF.

Who Is This For?

  • Couples who are in overall good health and haven’t been able to get pregnant on their own after 6 months
  • Women who have been unsuccessful with other fertility treatments
  • Men suffering from infertility, have low sperm count or poor sperm motility/morphology 

Treatment Duration

6 to 8 weeks

Potential Risks & Side Effects

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Severe stomach aches
  • Decreased urinary frequency
  • Shortness of breath
  • Allergic reactions
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Bloating
  • Breast tenderness
  • Constipation
  • Mood swings
  • Fatigue
  • Multiple births
  • Premature delivery and low birth weight
  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
  • Miscarriage
  • Gestational diabetes
  • High blood pressure

Recovery Time

Recovery after egg retrieval process of IVF with ICSI takes about 30 minutes and women may walk out on your own immediately after the procedure.

Success Rate: 50-80%

Alternative Treatments

  • Ovulation Induction
  • Artificial Insemination
  • Surgery

How Does it Work?

1.     Preparation

Before starting the IVF cycle, you and your partner should first avoid stress and anxiety. In addition to this, the preparation process includes:

  • You both should stop Smoking
  • You should take the vitamins recommended by the doctor
  • You should make fertility-enhancing healthy diet
  • You should avoid red meat, sugar, refined grains and other highly processed foods
  • You should sleep regularly and efficiently
  • Doing breathing exercises

2.     Procedure Steps

There are 5 main steps in an IVF procedure. These are ovulation induction, egg retrieval, sperm retrieval, fertilization and embryo transfer. To make you understand, here’s a detailed discussion around each step:

  • Ovulation induction: At the first stage, if you are using your own eggs for their IVF procedure, your doctor will prescribe fertility medications to help the ovaries make more eggs and you should start to use them.
  • Egg retrieval: Once your eggs are ready for retrieval after one to two weeks of ovarian stimulation, your  doctor will perform blood tests and a vaginal ultrasound to determine if the eggs are mature to collect. The most common method for retrieval is transvaginal ultrasound aspiration, which uses a device inserted into the vagina to identify the follicles and collect the eggs. To provide the comfort, sedation and pain medication may be used at this stage.
  • Sperm retrieval: If you are using sperm from your partner, he is being asked to give a semen sample. After it is received, the sperm are removed from the seminal fluid to be used in fertilization.
  • Fertilization: Then the fertilization may begin. Your doctor will mix the healthy and mature eggs with healthy sperm in the laboratory. In IVF with ICSI procedure, fertilization is performed by using Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
  • Embryo transfer: The last stage of the IVF procedure is embryo transfer. This process is conducted within six days after the eggs have been retrieval. During the embryo transfer, your doctor will insert a flexible catheter into your vagina, through the cervix and into the uterus. Then, the doctor will implant one or more of the embryos through the catheter. If the procedure is successful, the embryo will implant in the lining of the uterus within ten days after the eggs have been collected. And congratulations, you are pregnant now!

What Should I Expect from IVF Procedure

  • If the first IVF cycle won’t be successful, then you can always undergo a second one.
  • You may consider egg freezing for future use.
  • You may feel minor cramping and discomfort during the implantation stage.
  • The side effects are usually mild, but can include constipation, breast tenderness, hot flashes, weight gain, nausea, and headaches.
  • You can experience psychological side effects during IVF process. The hormones used to stimulate egg production can cause mood swings and depression.
  • Make sure that you have someone who can support you during your journey.



Are IVF Injections Painful?

For most patients, injections do not hurt, but they are not welcome, they are fast and do not cause problems because their discomfort ends within a few seconds.

Are Women Awake During Embryo Transfer?

Women are awake during embryo transfer which takes approximately 15 minutes and they are able to watch the procedure on the ultrasound monitor.

What Is The Different Between ICSI and IVF?

The only difference between IVF and ICSI is observed in the fertilization stage. In conventional IVF, the egg and sperm are left in a petri dish to fertilize on their own. In ICSI, one sperm is directly injected into the egg.



Overall Satisfaction star star 5.0 Based on 2 reviews
  • Staff: star star
  • Location: star star
  • Facilities: star star
  • Value: star star
  • Verified Verified Review
    Narcisa , Romania
    star star Apr 2017
    Serviciile sunt bune, a fost o intervenție reușită.
  • Verified Verified Review
    Isabela, Bahrain
    star star Sep 2017
    Once I decided on my fertility clinic that fit my needs, I stopped at the British IVF Cyprus clinic. Communication was fluid and I was always appeased with the answers. IVF procedure (esp paperwork) was so much easier than the previous one in America, not to mention the cost difference. The previous IVF cycle failed for me in the states but the one in Cyprus actually worked; though I'm only half way through, I'll go back with hopes that I'll hold in my arms my bundle of joy soon. Staff and doctor are engaged which is something that will not happen elsewhere. It's impossible anywhere else except at British IVF Cyprus clinic to actually receive support directly from the doctor in the middle of the night. He lowered my stress by keeping me informed and patiently answering my questions.

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